• KSII Transactions on Internet and Information Systems
    Monthly Online Journal (eISSN: 1976-7277)

IoT-Based Automatic Water Quality Monitoring System with Optimized Neural Network

Vol. 18, No. 1, January 31, 2024
10.3837/tiis.2024.01.004, Download Paper (Free):


One of the biggest dangers in the globe is water contamination. Water is a necessity for human survival. In most cities, the digging of borewells is restricted. In some cities, the borewell is allowed for only drinking water. Hence, the scarcity of drinking water is a vital issue for industries and villas. Most of the water sources in and around the cities are also polluted, and it will cause significant health issues. Real-time quality observation is necessary to guarantee a secure supply of drinking water. We offer a model of a low-cost system of monitoring real-time water quality using IoT to address this issue. The potential for supporting the real world has expanded with the introduction of IoT and other sensors. Multiple sensors make up the suggested system, which is utilized to identify the physical and chemical features of the water. Various sensors can measure the parameters such as temperature, pH, and turbidity. The core controller can process the values measured by sensors. An Arduino model is implemented in the core controller. The sensor data is forwarded to the cloud database using a WI-FI setup. The observed data will be transferred and stored in a cloud-based database for further processing. It wasn't easy to analyze the water quality every time. Hence, an Optimized Neural Network-based automation system identifies water quality from remote locations. The performance of the feed-forward neural network classifier is further enhanced with a hybrid GA- PSO algorithm. The optimized neural network outperforms water quality prediction applications and yields 91% accuracy. The accuracy of the developed model is increased by 20% because of optimizing network parameters compared to the traditional feed-forward neural network. Significant improvement in precision and recall is also evidenced in the proposed work.


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Cite this article

[IEEE Style]
A. B. A. M, C. R, S. Agarwal, H. Kim, P. Stephan, T. Stephan, "IoT-Based Automatic Water Quality Monitoring System with Optimized Neural Network," KSII Transactions on Internet and Information Systems, vol. 18, no. 1, pp. 46-63, 2024. DOI: 10.3837/tiis.2024.01.004.

[ACM Style]
Anusha Bamini A M, Chitra R, Saurabh Agarwal, Hyunsung Kim, Punitha Stephan, and Thompson Stephan. 2024. IoT-Based Automatic Water Quality Monitoring System with Optimized Neural Network. KSII Transactions on Internet and Information Systems, 18, 1, (2024), 46-63. DOI: 10.3837/tiis.2024.01.004.

[BibTeX Style]
@article{tiis:90387, title="IoT-Based Automatic Water Quality Monitoring System with Optimized Neural Network", author="Anusha Bamini A M and Chitra R and Saurabh Agarwal and Hyunsung Kim and Punitha Stephan and Thompson Stephan and ", journal="KSII Transactions on Internet and Information Systems", DOI={10.3837/tiis.2024.01.004}, volume={18}, number={1}, year="2024", month={January}, pages={46-63}}