• KSII Transactions on Internet and Information Systems
    Monthly Online Journal (eISSN: 1976-7277)

Research on data augmentation algorithm for time series based on deep learning

Vol. 17, No. 6, June 30, 2023
10.3837/tiis.2023.06.002, Download Paper (Free):


Data monitoring is an important foundation of modern science. In most cases, the monitoring data is time-series data, which has high application value. The deep learning algorithm has a strong nonlinear fitting capability, which enables the recognition of time series by capturing anomalous information in time series. At present, the research of time series recognition based on deep learning is especially important for data monitoring. Deep learning algorithms require a large amount of data for training. However, abnormal sample is a small sample in time series, which means the number of abnormal time series can seriously affect the accuracy of recognition algorithm because of class imbalance. In order to increase the number of abnormal sample, a data augmentation method called GANBATS (GAN-based Bi-LSTM and Attention for Time Series) is proposed. In GANBATS, Bi-LSTM is introduced to extract the timing features and then transfer features to the generator network of GANBATS.GANBATS also modifies the discriminator network by adding an attention mechanism to achieve global attention for time series. At the end of discriminator, GANBATS is adding averagepooling layer, which merges temporal features to boost the operational efficiency. In this paper, four time series datasets and five data augmentation algorithms are used for comparison experiments. The generated data are measured by PRD(Percent Root Mean Square Difference) and DTW(Dynamic Time Warping). The experimental results show that GANBATS reduces up to 26.22 in PRD metric and 9.45 in DTW metric. In addition, this paper uses different algorithms to reconstruct the datasets and compare them by classification accuracy. The classification accuracy is improved by 6.44%-12.96% on four time series datasets.


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Cite this article

[IEEE Style]
S. Liu, H. Qiao, L. Yuan, Y. Yuan, J. Liu, "Research on data augmentation algorithm for time series based on deep learning," KSII Transactions on Internet and Information Systems, vol. 17, no. 6, pp. 1530-1544, 2023. DOI: 10.3837/tiis.2023.06.002.

[ACM Style]
Shiyu Liu, Hongyan Qiao, Lianhong Yuan, Yuan Yuan, and Jun Liu. 2023. Research on data augmentation algorithm for time series based on deep learning. KSII Transactions on Internet and Information Systems, 17, 6, (2023), 1530-1544. DOI: 10.3837/tiis.2023.06.002.

[BibTeX Style]
@article{tiis:50764, title="Research on data augmentation algorithm for time series based on deep learning", author="Shiyu Liu and Hongyan Qiao and Lianhong Yuan and Yuan Yuan and Jun Liu and ", journal="KSII Transactions on Internet and Information Systems", DOI={10.3837/tiis.2023.06.002}, volume={17}, number={6}, year="2023", month={June}, pages={1530-1544}}