• KSII Transactions on Internet and Information Systems
    Monthly Online Journal (eISSN: 1976-7277)

Energy Efficiency Maximization for Energy Harvesting Bidirectional Cooperative Sensor Networks with AF Mode


Abstract

This paper investigates the energy efficiency of energy harvesting (EH) bidirectional cooperative sensor networks, in which the considered system model enables the uplink information transmission from the sensor (SN) to access point (AP) and the energy supply for the amplify-and-forward (AF) relay and SN using power-splitting (PS) or time-switching (TS) protocol. Considering the minimum EH activation constraint and quality of service (QoS) requirement, energy efficiency is maximized by jointly optimizing the resource division ratio and transmission power. To cope with the non-convexity of the optimizations, we propose the low complexity iterative algorithm based on fractional programming and alternative search method (FAS). The key idea of the proposed algorithm first transforms the objective function into the parameterized polynomial subtractive form. Then we decompose the optimization into two convex sub-problems, which can be solved by conventional convex programming. Simulation results validate that the proposed schemes have better output performance and the iterative algorithm has a fast convergence rate.


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Cite this article

[IEEE Style]
S. Xu, X. Song, L. Xia and Z. Xie, "Energy Efficiency Maximization for Energy Harvesting Bidirectional Cooperative Sensor Networks with AF Mode," KSII Transactions on Internet and Information Systems, vol. 14, no. 6, pp. 2686-2708, 2020. DOI: 10.3837/tiis.2020.06.020.

[ACM Style]
Siyang Xu, Xin Song, Lin Xia, and Zhigang Xie. 2020. Energy Efficiency Maximization for Energy Harvesting Bidirectional Cooperative Sensor Networks with AF Mode. KSII Transactions on Internet and Information Systems, 14, 6, (2020), 2686-2708. DOI: 10.3837/tiis.2020.06.020.