• KSII Transactions on Internet and Information Systems
    Monthly Online Journal (eISSN: 1976-7277)

PM2.5 Estimation Based on Image Analysis

Vol. 14, No. 2, February 29, 2020
10.3837/tiis.2020.02.025, Download Paper (Free):

Abstract

For the severe haze situation in the Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei region, conventional fine particulate matter (PM2.5) concentration prediction methods based on pollutant data face problems such as incomplete data, which may lead to poor prediction performance. Therefore, this paper proposes a method of predicting the PM2.5 concentration based on image analysis technology that combines image data, which can reflect the original weather conditions, with currently popular machine learning methods. First, based on local parameter estimation, autoregressive (AR) model analysis and local estimation of the increase in image blur, we extract features from the weather images using an approach inspired by free energy and a no-reference robust metric model. Next, we compare the coefficient energy and contrast difference of each pixel in the AR model and then use the percentages to calculate the image sharpness to derive the overall mass fraction. Furthermore, the results are compared. The relationship between residual value and PM2.5 concentration is fitted by generalized Gauss distribution (GGD) model. Finally, nonlinear mapping is performed via the wavelet neural network (WNN) method to obtain the PM2.5 concentration. Experimental results obtained on real data show that the proposed method offers an improved prediction accuracy and lower root mean square error (RMSE).


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Cite this article

[IEEE Style]
X. Li, S. Zhang and K. Wang, "PM2.5 Estimation Based on Image Analysis," KSII Transactions on Internet and Information Systems, vol. 14, no. 2, pp. 907-923, 2020. DOI: 10.3837/tiis.2020.02.025.

[ACM Style]
Xiaoli Li, Shan Zhang, and Kang Wang. 2020. PM2.5 Estimation Based on Image Analysis. KSII Transactions on Internet and Information Systems, 14, 2, (2020), 907-923. DOI: 10.3837/tiis.2020.02.025.