• KSII Transactions on Internet and Information Systems
    Monthly Online Journal (eISSN: 1976-7277)

A Non-Stationary Geometry-Based Cooperative Scattering Channel Model for MIMO Vehicle-to-Vehicle Communication Systems


Abstract

Traditional channel models for vehicle-to-vehicle (V2V) communication usually assume fixed velocity in static scattering environment. In the realistic scenarios, however, time-variant velocity for V2V results in non-stationary statistical properties of wireless channels. Dynamic scatterers with random velocities and directions have been always utilized to depict the non-stationary statistical properties of the channel. In this paper, a non-stationary geometry-based cooperative scattering channel model is proposed for multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) V2V communication systems, where a birth-death process is used to capture the appearance and disappearance dynamic properties of moving scatterers that reflect the time-variant time correlation and Doppler spectrum characteristics. Moreover, our model has more straight and concise to study the impact of the vehicular traffic density on channel characteristics and thus avoid complicated procedure in deriving the analytical expressions of the channel parameters and functions. The numerical results validate our analysis and demonstrate that setting important parameters of our model can appropriately build up more purposeful measurement campaigns in the future.


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Cite this article

[IEEE Style]
B. Qiu and H. Xiao, "A Non-Stationary Geometry-Based Cooperative Scattering Channel Model for MIMO Vehicle-to-Vehicle Communication Systems," KSII Transactions on Internet and Information Systems, vol. 13, no. 6, pp. 2838-2858, 2019. DOI: 10.3837/tiis.2019.06.004.

[ACM Style]
Bin Qiu and Hailin Xiao. 2019. A Non-Stationary Geometry-Based Cooperative Scattering Channel Model for MIMO Vehicle-to-Vehicle Communication Systems. KSII Transactions on Internet and Information Systems, 13, 6, (2019), 2838-2858. DOI: 10.3837/tiis.2019.06.004.