• KSII Transactions on Internet and Information Systems
    Monthly Online Journal (eISSN: 1976-7277)

EEC-FM: Energy Efficient Clustering based on Firefly and Midpoint Algorithms in Wireless Sensor Network

Vol. 12, No. 8, August 30, 2018
10.3837/tiis.2018.08.008 , Download Paper (Free):

Abstract

Wireless sensor networks (WSNs) consist of set of sensor nodes. These sensor nodes are deployed in unattended area which are able to sense, process and transmit data to the base station (BS). One of the primary issues of WSN is energy efficiency. In many existing clustering approaches, initial centroids of cluster heads (CHs) are chosen randomly and they form unbalanced clusters, results more energy consumption. In this paper, an energy efficient clustering protocol to prevent unbalanced clusters based on firefly and midpoint algorithms called EEC-FM has been proposed, where midpoint algorithm is used for initial centroid of CHs selection and firefly is used for cluster formation. Using residual energy and Euclidean distance as the parameters for appropriate cluster formation of the proposed approach produces balanced clusters to eventually balance the load of CHs and improve the network lifetime. Simulation result shows that the proposed method outperforms LEACH-B, BPK-means, Park’s approach, Mk-means, and EECPK-means with respect to balancing of clusters, energy efficiency and network lifetime parameters. Simulation result also demonstrate that the proposed approach, EEC-FM protocol is 45% better than LEACH-B, 17.8% better than BPK-means protocol, 12.5% better than Park’s approach, 9.1% better than Mk-means, and 5.8% better than EECPK-means protocol with respect to the parameter half energy consumption (HEC).


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Cite this article

[IEEE Style]
R. Daniel and K. N. Rao, "EEC-FM: Energy Efficient Clustering based on Firefly and Midpoint Algorithms in Wireless Sensor Network," KSII Transactions on Internet and Information Systems, vol. 12, no. 8, pp. 3683-3703, 2018. DOI: 10.3837/tiis.2018.08.008 .

[ACM Style]
Ravuri Daniel and Kuda Nageswara Rao. 2018. EEC-FM: Energy Efficient Clustering based on Firefly and Midpoint Algorithms in Wireless Sensor Network. KSII Transactions on Internet and Information Systems, 12, 8, (2018), 3683-3703. DOI: 10.3837/tiis.2018.08.008 .