• KSII Transactions on Internet and Information Systems
    Monthly Online Journal (eISSN: 1976-7277)

An Image Retrieving Scheme Using Salient Features and Annotation Watermarking

Vol. 8, No.1, January 29, 2014
10.3837/tiis.2014.01.013, Download Paper (Free):

Abstract

Existing image search systems allow users to search images by keywords, or by example images through content-based image retrieval (CBIR). On the other hand, users might learn more relevant textual information about an image from its text captions or surrounding contexts within documents or Web pages. Without such contexts, it’s difficult to extract semantic description directly from the image content. In this paper, we propose an annotation watermarking system for users to embed text descriptions, and retrieve more relevant textual information from similar images. First, tags associated with an image are converted by two-dimensional code and embedded into the image by discrete wavelet transform (DWT). Next, for images without annotations, similar images can be obtained by CBIR techniques and embedded annotations can be extracted. Specifically, we use global features such as color ratios and dominant sub-image colors for preliminary filtering. Then, local features such as Scale-Invariant Feature Transform (SIFT) descriptors are extracted for similarity matching. This design can achieve good effectiveness with reasonable processing time in practical systems. Our experimental results showed good accuracy in retrieving similar images and extracting relevant tags from similar images.


Statistics

Show / Hide Statistics

Statistics (Cumulative Counts from December 1st, 2015)
Multiple requests among the same browser session are counted as one view.
If you mouse over a chart, the values of data points will be shown.


Cite this article

[IEEE Style]
Jenq-Haur Wang, Chuan-Ming Liu, Jhih-Siang Syu and Yen-Lin Chen, "An Image Retrieving Scheme Using Salient Features and Annotation Watermarking," KSII Transactions on Internet and Information Systems, vol. 8, no. 1, pp. 213-231, 2014. DOI: 10.3837/tiis.2014.01.013

[ACM Style]
Wang, J., Liu, C., Syu, J., and Chen, Y. 2014. An Image Retrieving Scheme Using Salient Features and Annotation Watermarking. KSII Transactions on Internet and Information Systems, 8, 1, (2014), 213-231. DOI: 10.3837/tiis.2014.01.013