• KSII Transactions on Internet and Information Systems
    Monthly Online Journal (eISSN: 1976-7277)

Why Social Comparison on Instagram Matters: Its impact on Depression

Vol. 13, No.3, March 31, 2019
10.3837/tiis.2019.03.029, Download Paper (Free):

Abstract

Social Networking Sites (SNS) provide people with unique online social interaction environments where users can disclose their thoughts, feelings, and opinions to their personal contacts. Although previous studies have suggested that such activities produce positive effects on SNS user well-being, this study considered potential negative effects by investigating the relationship between SNS use and depression. In particular, This stydy examined how specific activities are related to different types of social comparison (upward/downward/horizontal) and how these different types of social comparison influence depressed moods among college students. The analysis of a survey of 245 Instagram users found that (1) looking at other people’s status updates and commenting on other people’s photos influences upward social comparison, (2) frequency of Instagram use predicts upward/downward/horizontal social comparison, and (3) upward social comparison was postively associated with depression, while downward social comparison was negatively associated with depression. Furthermore, the path anlaysis show that social comparison mediates the effect of Instagram use on depression. It suggests that Instagram use does not directly increase depression but it can lead to depression when social comparison on Instagram triggers depression.


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Cite this article

[IEEE Style]
Ha Sung Hwnag, "Why Social Comparison on Instagram Matters: Its impact on Depression," KSII Transactions on Internet and Information Systems, vol. 13, no. 3, pp. 1626-1638, 2019. DOI: 10.3837/tiis.2019.03.029

[ACM Style]
Hwnag, H. S. 2019. Why Social Comparison on Instagram Matters: Its impact on Depression. KSII Transactions on Internet and Information Systems, 13, 3, (2019), 1626-1638. DOI: 10.3837/tiis.2019.03.029