• KSII Transactions on Internet and Information Systems
    Monthly Online Journal (eISSN: 1976-7277)

Novel Robust High Dynamic Range Image Watermarking Algorithm Against Tone Mapping


Abstract

High dynamic range (HDR) images are becoming pervasive due to capturing or rendering of a wider range of luminance, but their special display equipment is difficult to be popularized because of high cost and technological problem. Thus, HDR images must be adapted to the conventional display devices by applying tone mapping (TM) operation, which puts forward higher requirements for intellectual property protection of HDR images. As the robustness presents regional diversity in the low dynamic range (LDR) watermarked image after TM, which is different from the traditional watermarking technologies, a concept of watermarking activity is defined and used to distinguish the essential distinction of watermarking between LDR image and HDR image in this paper. Then, a novel robust HDR image watermarking algorithm is proposed against TM operations. Firstly, based on the hybrid processing of redundant discrete wavelet transform and singular value decomposition, the watermark is embedded by modifying the structure information of the HDR image. Distinguished from LDR image watermarking, the high embedding strength can cause more obvious distortion in the high brightness regions of HDR image than the low brightness regions. Thus, a perceptual brightness mask with low complexity is designed to improve the imperceptibility further. Experimental results show that the proposed algorithm is robust to the existing TM operations, with taking into account the imperceptibility and embedded capacity, which is superior to the current state-of-art HDR image watermarking algorithms.


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Cite this article

[IEEE Style]
Yongqiang Bai, Gangyi Jiang, Hao Jiang, Mei Yu, Fen Chen and Zhongjie Zhu, "Novel Robust High Dynamic Range Image Watermarking Algorithm Against Tone Mapping," KSII Transactions on Internet and Information Systems, vol. 12, no. 9, pp. 4389-4411, 2018. DOI: 10.3837/tiis.2018.09.015

[ACM Style]
Bai, Y., Jiang, G., Jiang, H., Yu, M., Chen, F., and Zhu, Z. 2018. Novel Robust High Dynamic Range Image Watermarking Algorithm Against Tone Mapping. KSII Transactions on Internet and Information Systems, 12, 9, (2018), 4389-4411. DOI: 10.3837/tiis.2018.09.015