• KSII Transactions on Internet and Information Systems
    Monthly Online Journal (eISSN: 1976-7277)

A Frame Collision Reduction Method for Safety Message Broadcasting in IEEE1609.4/IEEE802.11p based VANETs


Abstract

Vehicular ad hoc network (VANET) is a dedicated network to connect vehicles without any centralized administration or infrastructure. The wireless access in vehicular environments (WAVE) protocol leveraging IEEE 1609/802.11p is widely implemented for VANETs. However, in congested traffic situation, the performance of the WAVE system degrades significantly due to serious collision, especially for safety related broadcast services on the control channel (CCH) interval due to the inherent drawback of its collision avoidance mechanisms called carrier sense multiple access with collision avoidance (CSMA/CA). In this paper, we propose a method that can decrease the number of frame collisions in CCH with a few modifications to the IEEE 802.11p protocol. In the paper, vehicles still employ CSMA/CA to compete for the channel access opportunity. However, by taking advantage of periodicity of synchronization interval, a two-state switching scheme introducing two new inter frame space (IFS) is proposed to reduce the number of competing vehicles substantially and as a result, the collision probability is significantly decreased. The simulation results demonstrate the superiority of the proposed method in packet collision rate.


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Cite this article

[IEEE Style]
Lei Wang and Weiping Jing, "A Frame Collision Reduction Method for Safety Message Broadcasting in IEEE1609.4/IEEE802.11p based VANETs," KSII Transactions on Internet and Information Systems, vol. 12, no. 3, pp. 1031-1046, 2018. DOI: 10.3837/tiis.2018.03.003

[ACM Style]
Wang, L. and Jing, W. 2018. A Frame Collision Reduction Method for Safety Message Broadcasting in IEEE1609.4/IEEE802.11p based VANETs. KSII Transactions on Internet and Information Systems, 12, 3, (2018), 1031-1046. DOI: 10.3837/tiis.2018.03.003