• KSII Transactions on Internet and Information Systems
    Monthly Online Journal (eISSN: 1976-7277)

RowAMD Distance: A Novel 2DPCA-Based Distance Computation with Texture-Based Technique for Face Recognition


Abstract

Although two-dimensional principal component analysis (2DPCA) has been shown to be successful in face recognition system, it is still very sensitive to illumination variations. To reduce the effect of these variations, texture-based techniques are used due to their robustness to these variations. In this paper, we explore several texture-based techniques and determine the most appropriate one to be used with 2DPCA-based techniques for face recognition. We also propose a new distance metric computation in 2DPCA called Row Assembled Matrix Distance (RowAMD). Experiments on Yale Face Database, Extended Yale Face Database B, AR Database and LFW Database reveal that the proposed RowAMD distance computation method outperforms other conventional distance metrics when Local Line Binary Pattern (LLBP) and Multi-scale Block Local Binary Pattern (MB-LBP) are used for face authentication and face identification, respectively. In addition to this, the results also demonstrate the robustness of the proposed RowAMD with several texture-based techniques.


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Cite this article

[IEEE Style]
Waled Hussein Al-Arashi, Chai Wuh Shing and Shahrel Azmin Suandi, "RowAMD Distance: A Novel 2DPCA-Based Distance Computation with Texture-Based Technique for Face Recognition," KSII Transactions on Internet and Information Systems, vol. 11, no. 11, pp. 5474-5490, 2017. DOI: 10.3837/tiis.2017.11.016

[ACM Style]
Al-Arashi, W. H., Shing, C. W., and Suandi, S. A. 2017. RowAMD Distance: A Novel 2DPCA-Based Distance Computation with Texture-Based Technique for Face Recognition. KSII Transactions on Internet and Information Systems, 11, 11, (2017), 5474-5490. DOI: 10.3837/tiis.2017.11.016