• KSII Transactions on Internet and Information Systems
    Monthly Online Journal (eISSN: 1976-7277)

Real-Time Eye Tracking Using IR Stereo Camera for Indoor and Outdoor Environments


Abstract

We propose a novel eye tracking method that can estimate 3D world coordinates using an infrared (IR) stereo camera for indoor and outdoor environments. This method first detects dark evidences such as eyes, eyebrows and mouths by fast multi-level thresholding. Among these evidences, eye pair evidences are detected by evidential reasoning and geometrical rules. For robust accuracy, two classifiers based on multiple layer perceptron (MLP) using gradient local binary patterns (GLBPs) verify whether the detected evidences are real eye pairs or not. Finally, the 3D world coordinates of detected eyes are calculated by region-based stereo matching. Compared with other eye detection methods, the proposed method can detect the eyes of people wearing sunglasses due to the use of the IR spectrum. Especially, when people are in dark environments such as driving at nighttime, driving in an indoor carpark, or passing through a tunnel, human eyes can be robustly detected because we use active IR illuminators. In the experimental results, it is shown that the proposed method can detect eye pairs with high performance in real-time under variable illumination conditions. Therefore, the proposed method can contribute to human-computer interactions (HCIs) and intelligent transportation systems (ITSs) applications such as gaze tracking, windshield head-up display and drowsiness detection.


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Cite this article

[IEEE Style]
Sungsoo Lim and Daeho Lee, "Real-Time Eye Tracking Using IR Stereo Camera for Indoor and Outdoor Environments," KSII Transactions on Internet and Information Systems, vol. 11, no. 8, pp. 3965-3983, 2017. DOI: 10.3837/tiis.2017.08.012

[ACM Style]
Lim, S. and Lee, D. 2017. Real-Time Eye Tracking Using IR Stereo Camera for Indoor and Outdoor Environments. KSII Transactions on Internet and Information Systems, 11, 8, (2017), 3965-3983. DOI: 10.3837/tiis.2017.08.012