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Reversible Watermarking with Adaptive Embedding Threshold Matrix
  • KSII Transactions on Internet and Information Systems
    Monthly Online Journal (eISSN: 1976-7277)

Reversible Watermarking with Adaptive Embedding Threshold Matrix


Abstract

In this paper, a new reversible watermarking algorithm with adaptive embedding threshold matrix is proposed. Firstly, to avoid the overflow and underflow, two flexible thresholds, TL and TR, are applied to preprocess the image histogram with least histogram shift cost. Secondly, for achieving an optimal or near optimal tradeoff between the embedding capacity and imperceptibility, the embedding threshold matrix, composed of the embedding thresholds of all blocks, is determined adaptively by the combination between the composite chaos and the average energy of Integer Wavelet Transform (IWT) block. As a non-liner system with good randomness, the composite chaos is suitable to search the optimal embedding thresholds. Meanwhile, the average energy of IWT block is calculated to adjust the block embedding capacity, and more data are embedded into those IWT blocks with larger average energy. The experimental results demonstrate that compared with the state-of-the-art reversible watermarking schemes, the proposed scheme has better performance for the tradeoff between the embedding capacity and imperceptibility.


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Cite this article

[IEEE Style]
G. Gao, Y. Shi, X. Sun, C. Zhou, Z. Cui and L. Xu, "Reversible Watermarking with Adaptive Embedding Threshold Matrix," KSII Transactions on Internet and Information Systems, vol. 10, no. 9, pp. 4603-4624, 2016. DOI: 10.3837/tiis.2016.09.031.

[ACM Style]
Guangyong Gao, Yun-Qing Shi, Xingming Sun, Caixue Zhou, Zongmin Cui, and Liya Xu. 2016. Reversible Watermarking with Adaptive Embedding Threshold Matrix. KSII Transactions on Internet and Information Systems, 10, 9, (2016), 4603-4624. DOI: 10.3837/tiis.2016.09.031.