• KSII Transactions on Internet and Information Systems
    Monthly Online Journal (eISSN: 1976-7277)

A real-time multiple vehicle tracking method for traffic congestion identification


Abstract

Traffic congestion is a severe problem in many modern cities around the world. Real-time and accurate traffic congestion identification can provide the advanced traffic management systems with a reliable basis to take measurements. The most used data sources for traffic congestion are loop detector, GPS data, and video surveillance. Video based traffic monitoring systems have gained much attention due to their enormous advantages, such as low cost, flexibility to redesign the system and providing a rich information source for human understanding. In general, most existing video based systems for monitoring road traffic rely on stationary cameras and multiple vehicle tracking method. However, most commonly used multiple vehicle tracking methods are lack of effective track initiation schemes. Based on the motion of the vehicle usually obeys constant velocity model, a novel vehicle recognition method is proposed. The state of recognized vehicle is sent to the GM-PHD filter as birth target. In this way, we relieve the insensitive of GM-PHD filter for new entering vehicle. Combining with the advanced vehicle detection and data association techniques, this multiple vehicle tracking method is used to identify traffic congestion. It can be implemented in real-time with high accuracy and robustness. The advantages of our proposed method are validated on four real traffic data.


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Cite this article

[IEEE Style]
Xiaoyu Zhang, Shiqiang Hu, Huanlong Zhang and Xing Hu, "A real-time multiple vehicle tracking method for traffic congestion identification," KSII Transactions on Internet and Information Systems, vol. 10, no. 6, pp. 2483-2503, 2016. DOI: 10.3837/tiis.2016.06.003

[ACM Style]
Zhang, X., Hu, S., Zhang, H., and Hu, X. 2016. A real-time multiple vehicle tracking method for traffic congestion identification. KSII Transactions on Internet and Information Systems, 10, 6, (2016), 2483-2503. DOI: 10.3837/tiis.2016.06.003