• KSII Transactions on Internet and Information Systems
    Monthly Online Journal (eISSN: 1976-7277)

Fault-Tolerant Event Detection in Wireless Sensor Networks using Evidence Theory

Vol. 9, No.10, October 31, 2015
10.3837/tiis.2015.10.011, Download Paper (Free):

Abstract

Event detection is one of the key issues in many wireless sensor network (WSN) applications. The uncertainties that are derived from the instability of sensor node, measurement noise and incomplete sampling would influence the performance of event detection to a large degree. Many of the present researches described the sensor readings with crisp values, which cannot adequately handle the uncertainties inhered in the imprecise sensor readings. In this paper, a fault-tolerant event detection algorithm is proposed based on Dempster-Shafer (D-S) theory (also called evidence theory). Instead of crisp values, all possible states of the event are represented by the Basic Probability Assignment (BPA) functions, with which the output of each sensor node are characterized as weighted evidences. The combination rule was subsequently applied on each sensor node to fuse the evidences gathered from the neighboring nodes to make the final decision on whether the event occurs. Simulation results show that even 20% nodes are faulty, the accuracy of the proposed algorithm is around 80% for event region detection. Moreover, 97% of the error readings have been corrected, and an improved detection capability at the boundary of the event region is gained by 75%. The proposed algorithm can enhance the detection accuracy of the event region even in high error-rate environment, which reflects good reliability and robustness. The proposed algorithm is also applicable to boundary detection as it performs well at the boundary of the event.


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Cite this article

[IEEE Style]
Kezhong Liu, Tian Yang, Jie Ma and Zhiming Cheng, "Fault-Tolerant Event Detection in Wireless Sensor Networks using Evidence Theory," KSII Transactions on Internet and Information Systems, vol. 9, no. 10, pp. 3965-3982, 2015. DOI: 10.3837/tiis.2015.10.011

[ACM Style]
Liu, K., Yang, T., Ma, J., and Cheng, Z. 2015. Fault-Tolerant Event Detection in Wireless Sensor Networks using Evidence Theory. KSII Transactions on Internet and Information Systems, 9, 10, (2015), 3965-3982. DOI: 10.3837/tiis.2015.10.011