• KSII Transactions on Internet and Information Systems
    Monthly Online Journal (eISSN: 1976-7277)

Traffic Flow Sensing Using Wireless Signals


Abstract

As an essential part of the urban transportation system, precise perception of the traffic flow parameters at the traffic signal intersection ensures traffic safety and fully improves the intersection's capacity. Traditional detection methods of road traffic flow parameter can be divided into the micro and the macro. The microscopic detection methods include geomagnetic induction coil technology, aerial detection technology based on the unmanned aerial vehicles (UAV) and camera video detection technology based on the fixed scene. The macroscopic detection methods include floating car data analysis technology. All the above methods have their advantages and disadvantages. Recently, indoor location methods based on wireless signals have attracted wide attention due to their applicability and low cost. This paper extends the wireless signal indoor location method to the outdoor intersection scene for traffic flow parameter estimation. In this paper, the detection scene is constructed at the intersection based on the received signal strength indication (RSSI) ranging technology extracted from the wireless signal. We extracted the RSSI data from the wireless signals sent to the road side unit (RSU) by the vehicle nodes, calibrated the RSSI ranging model, and finally obtained the traffic flow parameters of the intersection entrance road. We measured the average speed of traffic flow through multiple simulation experiments, the trajectory of traffic flow, and the spatio-temporal map at a single intersection inlet. Finally, we obtained the queue length of the inlet lane at the intersection. The simulation results of the experiment show that the RSSI ranging positioning method based on wireless signals can accurately estimate the traffic flow parameters at the intersection, which also provides a foundation for accurately estimating the traffic flow state in the future era of the Internet of Vehicles.


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Cite this article

[IEEE Style]
X. Duan, H. Jiang, D. Tian, J. Zhou, G. Zhou, W. E, Y. Sun and S. Xia, "Traffic Flow Sensing Using Wireless Signals," KSII Transactions on Internet and Information Systems, vol. 15, no. 10, pp. 3858-3874, 2021. DOI: 10.3837/tiis.2021.10.020.

[ACM Style]
Xuting Duan, Hang Jiang, Daxin Tian, Jianshan Zhou, Gang Zhou, Wenjuan E, Yafu Sun, and Shudong Xia. 2021. Traffic Flow Sensing Using Wireless Signals. KSII Transactions on Internet and Information Systems, 15, 10, (2021), 3858-3874. DOI: 10.3837/tiis.2021.10.020.

[BibTeX Style]
@article{tiis:25028, title="Traffic Flow Sensing Using Wireless Signals", author="Xuting Duan and Hang Jiang and Daxin Tian and Jianshan Zhou and Gang Zhou and Wenjuan E and Yafu Sun and Shudong Xia and ", journal="KSII Transactions on Internet and Information Systems", DOI={10.3837/tiis.2021.10.020}, volume={15}, number={10}, year="2021", month={October}, pages={3858-3874}}