• KSII Transactions on Internet and Information Systems
    Monthly Online Journal (eISSN: 1976-7277)

Vehicle Face Re-identification Based on Nonnegative Matrix Factorization with Time Difference Constraint


Abstract

Light intensity variation is one of the key factors which affect the accuracy of vehicle face re-identification, so in order to improve the robustness of vehicle face features to light intensity variation, a Nonnegative Matrix Factorization model with the constraint of image acquisition time difference is proposed. First, the original features vectors of all pairs of positive samples which are used for training are placed in two original feature matrices respectively, where the same columns of the two matrices represent the same vehicle; Then, the new features obtained after decomposition are divided into stable and variable features proportionally, where the constraints of intra-class similarity and inter-class difference are imposed on the stable feature, and the constraint of image acquisition time difference is imposed on the variable feature; At last, vehicle face matching is achieved through calculating the cosine distance of stable features. Experimental results show that the average False Reject Rate and the average False Accept Rate of the proposed algorithm can be reduced to 0.14 and 0.11 respectively on five different datasets, and even sometimes under the large difference of light intensities, the vehicle face image can be still recognized accurately, which verifies that the extracted features have good robustness to light variation.


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Cite this article

[IEEE Style]
N. Ma and T. Wen, "Vehicle Face Re-identification Based on Nonnegative Matrix Factorization with Time Difference Constraint," KSII Transactions on Internet and Information Systems, vol. 15, no. 6, pp. 2098-2114, 2021. DOI: 10.3837/tiis.2021.06.009.

[ACM Style]
Na Ma and Tingxin Wen. 2021. Vehicle Face Re-identification Based on Nonnegative Matrix Factorization with Time Difference Constraint. KSII Transactions on Internet and Information Systems, 15, 6, (2021), 2098-2114. DOI: 10.3837/tiis.2021.06.009.