• KSII Transactions on Internet and Information Systems
    Monthly Online Journal (eISSN: 1976-7277)

A Bio-inspired Hybrid Cross-Layer Routing Protocol for Energy Preservation in WSN-Assisted IoT


Abstract

Nowadays, the Internet of Things (IoT) is adopted to enable effective and smooth communication among different networks. In some specific application, the Wireless Sensor Networks (WSN) are used in IoT to gather peculiar data without the interaction of human. The WSNs are self-organizing in nature, so it mostly prefer multi-hop data forwarding. Thus to achieve better communication, a cross-layer routing strategy is preferred. In the cross-layer routing strategy, the routing processed through three layers such as transport, data link, and physical layer. Even though effective communication achieved via a cross-layer routing strategy, energy is another constraint in WSN assisted IoT. Cluster-based communication is one of the most used strategies for effectively preserving energy in WSN routing. This paper proposes a Bio-inspired cross-layer routing (BiHCLR) protocol to achieve effective and energy preserving routing in WSN assisted IoT. Initially, the deployed sensor nodes are arranged in the form of a grid as per the grid-based routing strategy. Then to enable energy preservation in BiHCLR, the fuzzy logic approach is executed to select the Cluster Head (CH) for every cell of the grid. Then a hybrid bio-inspired algorithm is used to select the routing path. The hybrid algorithm combines moth search and Salp Swarm optimization techniques. The performance of the proposed BiHCLR is evaluated based on the Quality of Service (QoS) analysis in terms of Packet loss, error bit rate, transmission delay, lifetime of network, buffer occupancy and throughput. Then these performances are validated based on comparison with conventional routing strategies like Fuzzy-rule-based Energy Efficient Clustering and Immune-Inspired Routing (FEEC-IIR), Neuro-Fuzzy- Emperor Penguin Optimization (NF-EPO), Fuzzy Reinforcement Learning-based Data Gathering (FRLDG) and Hierarchical Energy Efficient Data gathering (HEED). Ultimately the performance of the proposed BiHCLR outperforms all other conventional techniques.


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Cite this article

[IEEE Style]
A. Tandon, P. Kumar, V. Rishiwal, M. Yadav and P. Yadav, "A Bio-inspired Hybrid Cross-Layer Routing Protocol for Energy Preservation in WSN-Assisted IoT," KSII Transactions on Internet and Information Systems, vol. 15, no. 4, pp. 1317-1341, 2021. DOI: 10.3837/tiis.2021.04.008.

[ACM Style]
Aditya Tandon, Pramod Kumar, Vinay Rishiwal, Mano Yadav, and Preeti Yadav. 2021. A Bio-inspired Hybrid Cross-Layer Routing Protocol for Energy Preservation in WSN-Assisted IoT. KSII Transactions on Internet and Information Systems, 15, 4, (2021), 1317-1341. DOI: 10.3837/tiis.2021.04.008.

[BibTeX Style]
@article{tiis:24526, title="A Bio-inspired Hybrid Cross-Layer Routing Protocol for Energy Preservation in WSN-Assisted IoT", author="Aditya Tandon and Pramod Kumar and Vinay Rishiwal and Mano Yadav and Preeti Yadav and ", journal="KSII Transactions on Internet and Information Systems", DOI={10.3837/tiis.2021.04.008}, volume={15}, number={4}, year="2021", month={April}, pages={1317-1341}}