• KSII Transactions on Internet and Information Systems
    Monthly Online Journal (eISSN: 1976-7277)

Low-dose CT Image Denoising Using Classification Densely Connected Residual Network

Vol. 14, No. 6, June 30, 2020
10.3837/tiis.2020.06.009, Download Paper (Free):

Abstract

Considering that high-dose X-ray radiation during CT scans may bring potential risks to patients, in the medical imaging industry there has been increasing emphasis on low-dose CT. Due to complex statistical characteristics of noise found in low-dose CT images, many traditional methods are difficult to preserve structural details effectively while suppressing noise and artifacts. Inspired by the deep learning techniques, we propose a densely connected residual network (DCRN) for low-dose CT image noise cancelation, which combines the ideas of dense connection with residual learning. On one hand, dense connection maximizes information flow between layers in the network, which is beneficial to maintain structural details when denoising images. On the other hand, residual learning paired with batch normalization would allow for decreased training speed and better noise reduction performance in images. The experiments are performed on the 100 CT images selected from a public medical dataset—TCIA(The Cancer Imaging Archive). Compared with the other three competitive denoising algorithms, both subjective visual effect and objective evaluation indexes which include PSNR, RMSE, MAE and SSIM show that the proposed network can improve LDCT images quality more effectively while maintaining a low computational cost. In the objective evaluation indexes, the highest PSNR 33.67, RMSE 5.659, MAE 1.965 and SSIM 0.9434 are achieved by the proposed method. Especially for RMSE, compare with the best performing algorithm in the comparison algorithms, the proposed network increases it by 7 percentage points.


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Cite this article

[IEEE Style]
J. Ming, B. Yi, Y. Zhang and H. Li, "Low-dose CT Image Denoising Using Classification Densely Connected Residual Network," KSII Transactions on Internet and Information Systems, vol. 14, no. 6, pp. 2480-2496, 2020. DOI: 10.3837/tiis.2020.06.009.

[ACM Style]
Jun Ming, Benshun Yi, Yungang Zhang, and Huixin Li. 2020. Low-dose CT Image Denoising Using Classification Densely Connected Residual Network. KSII Transactions on Internet and Information Systems, 14, 6, (2020), 2480-2496. DOI: 10.3837/tiis.2020.06.009.

[BibTeX Style]
@article{tiis:23589, title="Low-dose CT Image Denoising Using Classification Densely Connected Residual Network", author="Jun Ming and Benshun Yi and Yungang Zhang and Huixin Li and ", journal="KSII Transactions on Internet and Information Systems", DOI={10.3837/tiis.2020.06.009}, volume={14}, number={6}, year="2020", month={June}, pages={2480-2496}}