• KSII Transactions on Internet and Information Systems
    Monthly Online Journal (eISSN: 1976-7277)

Efficient routing in multicast mesh by using forwarding nodes and weighted cost function

Vol. 13, No. 12, December 31, 2019
10.3837/tiis.2019.12.008, Download Paper (Free):

Abstract

Multicast Mesh based Mobile Ad-hoc NETworks (MANETs) provide efficient data transmission in energy restraint areas without a fixed infrastructure. In this paper, the authors present an improved version of protocol SLIMMER developed by them earlier, and name it SLIMMER-SN. Most mesh-based protocols suffer from redundancy; however, the proposed protocol controls redundancy through the concept of forwarding nodes. The proposed protocol uses remaining energy of a node to decide its energy efficiency. For measuring stability, a new metric called Stability of Node (SN) has been introduced which depends on transmission range, node density and node velocity. For data transfer, a weighted cost function selects the most energy efficient nodes / most stable nodes or a weighted combination of both. This makes the node selection criteria more dynamic. The protocol works in two steps: (1) calculating SN and (2) using SN value in the weighted cost function for selection of nodes. The study compared the proposed protocol, with other mesh-based protocols PUMA and SLIMMER, based on packet delivery ratio (PDR), throughput, end-to-end delay and average energy consumption under different simulation conditions. Results clearly demonstrate that SLIMMER-SN outperformed both PUMA and SLIMMER.


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Cite this article

[IEEE Style]
K. Vyas, A. Khuteta and A. Chaturvedi, "Efficient routing in multicast mesh by using forwarding nodes and weighted cost function," KSII Transactions on Internet and Information Systems, vol. 13, no. 12, pp. 5928-5947, 2019. DOI: 10.3837/tiis.2019.12.008.

[ACM Style]
Kapila Vyas, Ajay Khuteta, and Amit Chaturvedi. 2019. Efficient routing in multicast mesh by using forwarding nodes and weighted cost function. KSII Transactions on Internet and Information Systems, 13, 12, (2019), 5928-5947. DOI: 10.3837/tiis.2019.12.008.