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MCRO-ECP: Mutation Chemical Reaction Optimization based Energy Efficient Clustering Protocol for Wireless Sensor Networks
  • KSII Transactions on Internet and Information Systems
    Monthly Online Journal (eISSN: 1976-7277)

MCRO-ECP: Mutation Chemical Reaction Optimization based Energy Efficient Clustering Protocol for Wireless Sensor Networks

Vol. 13, No. 7, July 30, 2019
10.3837/tiis.2019.07.009, Download Paper (Free):

Abstract

Wireless sensor networks encounter energy saving as a major issue as the sensor nodes having no rechargeable batteries and also the resources are limited. Clustering of sensors play a pivotal role in energy saving of the deployed sensor nodes. However, in the cluster based wireless sensor network, the cluster heads tend to consume more energy for additional functions such as reception of data, aggregation and transmission of the received data to the base station. So, careful selection of cluster head and formation of cluster plays vital role in energy conservation and enhancement of lifetime of the wireless sensor networks. This study proposes a new mutation chemical reaction optimization (MCRO) which is an algorithm based energy efficient clustering protocol termed as MCRO-ECP, for wireless sensor networks. The proposed protocol is extensively developed with effective methods such as potential energy function and molecular structure encoding for cluster head selection and cluster formation. While developing potential functions for energy conservation, the following parameters are taken into account: neighbor node distance, base station distance, ratio of energy, intra-cluster distance, and CH node degree to make the MCRO-ECP protocol to be potential energy conserver. The proposed protocol is studied extensively and tested elaborately on NS2.35 Simulator under various senarios like varying the number of sensor nodes and CHs. A comparative study between the simulation results derived from the proposed MCRO-ECP protocol and the results of the already existing protocol, shows that MCRO-ECP protocol produces significantly better results in energy conservation, increase network life time, packets received by the BS and the convergence rate.


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Cite this article

[IEEE Style]
R. Daniel and K. N. Rao, "MCRO-ECP: Mutation Chemical Reaction Optimization based Energy Efficient Clustering Protocol for Wireless Sensor Networks," KSII Transactions on Internet and Information Systems, vol. 13, no. 7, pp. 3494-3510, 2019. DOI: 10.3837/tiis.2019.07.009.

[ACM Style]
Ravuri Daniel and Kuda Nageswara Rao. 2019. MCRO-ECP: Mutation Chemical Reaction Optimization based Energy Efficient Clustering Protocol for Wireless Sensor Networks. KSII Transactions on Internet and Information Systems, 13, 7, (2019), 3494-3510. DOI: 10.3837/tiis.2019.07.009.