• KSII Transactions on Internet and Information Systems
    Monthly Online Journal (eISSN: 1976-7277)

Human Visual System based Automatic Underwater Image Enhancement in NSCT domain

Vol. 10, No. 2, February 28, 2016
10.3837/tiis.2016.02.022, Download Paper (Free):

Abstract

Underwater image enhancement has received considerable attention in last decades, due to the nature of poor visibility and low contrast of underwater images. In this paper, we propose a new automatic underwater image enhancement algorithm, which combines nonsubsampled contourlet transform (NSCT) domain enhancement techniques with the mechanism of the human visual system (HVS). We apply the multiscale retinex algorithm based on the HVS into NSCT domain in order to eliminate the non-uniform illumination, and adopt the threshold denoising technique to suppress underwater noise. Our proposed algorithm incorporates the luminance masking and contrast masking characteristics of the HVS into NSCT domain to yield the new HVS-based NSCT. Moreover, we define two nonlinear mapping functions. The first one is used to manipulate the HVS-based NSCT contrast coefficients to enhance the edges. The second one is a gain function which modifies the lowpass subband coefficients to adjust the global dynamic range. As a result, our algorithm can achieve contrast enhancement, image denoising and edge sharpening automatically and simultaneously. Experimental results illustrate that our proposed algorithm has better enhancement performance than state-of-the-art algorithms both in subjective evaluation and quantitative assessment. In addition, our algorithm can automatically achieve underwater image enhancement without any parameter tuning.


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Cite this article

[IEEE Style]
Y. Zhou, Q. Li and G. Huo, "Human Visual System based Automatic Underwater Image Enhancement in NSCT domain," KSII Transactions on Internet and Information Systems, vol. 10, no. 2, pp. 837-856, 2016. DOI: 10.3837/tiis.2016.02.022.

[ACM Style]
Yan Zhou, Qingwu Li, and Guanying Huo. 2016. Human Visual System based Automatic Underwater Image Enhancement in NSCT domain. KSII Transactions on Internet and Information Systems, 10, 2, (2016), 837-856. DOI: 10.3837/tiis.2016.02.022.